All You Need to Know about Hepatitis C Symptoms & Causes in Kids

Hepatitis C (HCV) is a disease that affects the liver. HCV can lead to liver damage, which can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. While it is rare for kids to get infected with this disease, parents need to be aware of the risk factors.

Adults tend to be more at risk of getting HCV, especially if they use recreational drugs. In this post, we will take a closer look at the Hepatitis C symptoms and causes.

Hepatitis C Symptoms and Its Causes in Kids

How Do Kids Get HCV?

People can become infected with HCV if they come into direct contact with blood or other bodily fluids of someone who already has HCV. There is a risk of transmission to newborns during pregnancy if the mother has HCV. However, it cannot be transmitted through breastfeeding.

In some cases, the disease can be spread by sharing household items such as toothbrushes or nail clippers. Another way that kids can get HCV is if they receive an HCV infected organ transplant or if they receive long-term kidney dialysis and the machine has traces of infected blood.

As mentioned above, adults are at a much higher risk of getting the HCV virus. Getting tattoos with unsterilized needles or sharing needles or nasal devices for taking drugs are two of the leading methods of transmission. It could also be spread through unprotected sexual contact or if you received an infected organ or blood transfusion when you were a child. Young adults are at risk if they experiment with drugs or have unprotected sex.

HCV doesn’t always result in symptoms, so it is crucial to get checked out if you feel you may have been exposed to the virus in the past.

Symptoms

For many people, HCV might not cause any symptoms, even though it is causing damage to the body. If you believe that your child is at risk of contracting HCV, it is essential to take them for regular health checks and to pay attention to their general health. Symptoms of an HCV infection include:

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin)
  • Darker colored urine
  • Belly pain
  • Aches and pains
  • Loose, gray-colored stools
  • Nausea and vomiting

Treatment

In some cases, the body will cure itself as the child grows up. The CDC has reported that up to 40 percent of newborns born with HCV were clear by the time they reached their second birthdays. However, if the virus is still present after the child’s second birthday, your doctor may recommend starting treatment.

Currently, the only treatment for children under twelve years old is interferon or ribavirin. These drugs are effective at eliminating the virus in the majority of cases. However, they do come with some potential side effects that can have an impact on a child’s daily life, such as depression and fatigue.

There are many new developments in drugs for HCV with better cure rates and fewer side effects, but they are currently unavailable for kids and are still quite expensive.

A Quick Guide on Sports Injuries in Teenagers

With almost 30 million kids and adolescents playing sports in the USA, it should come as no surprise that kids can get injured. Contact sports and extreme sports are the primary culprits, but there are other factors at play.

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, around 3.5 million kids have suffered some form of sports injury at some point. While injuries and accidents can happen when playing sports, many injuries are preventable. In this post, we will take a closer look at some common sports injuries in teenagers and how they can be prevented.

Quick Guide on Sports Injuries in Teenagers

Sports Injuries

Different kinds of sports bring various risks, but generally, injuries can be categorized into two different types—acute injuries or overuse injuries.

Acute injuries are usually the result of trauma or a high impact, which can result in injuries such as sprains, fractures, and concussions. Teenagers who practice extreme sports or contact sports are at increased risk of these injuries, especially if they don’t use the correct safety equipment.

Overuse injuries can happen when a player performs regular, repetitive movements. Overuse injuries such as tennis elbow, tendonitis, and stress fractures can cause many problems if left untreated. These types of injuries are becoming more common in sports like baseball, tennis, and soccer, where the players might push themselves to reach a higher level.

As mentioned, different sports come with various risks, but the list below will highlight a few of the common issues associated with different sports.

Football: Sudden, quick movements and high-impact challenges can lead to sprains and strains such as ACL tears. Plus, there is a risk of concussions.

Baseball: Tendinitis and bursitis can affect many different areas of the body. For example, pitchers may suffer from overuse injuries, which can cause inflammation in the shoulders and wrists. Other common issues include strains, back and neck pain, and rotator cuff injuries.

Soccer: Many issues associated with football occur during soccer. Some teenagers may suffer from Achilles tendonitis and shin splints.

Tennis: Overuse can lead to injuries such as ligament and muscle sprains. Ankle and knee injuries are also quite common.

Athletics: Many injuries in track and field are caused by overuse. Strains and sprains are very common, as well as ligament tears.

How To Prevent Sports Injuries

Most sports injuries can be avoided by using these simple steps.

Warm-up and warm-down: You should always warm-up before you start playing your favorite sport. This will help your muscles and ligaments loosen up, and it will significantly reduce the risk of muscle strains and ligament injuries.

Use the right equipment: Making sure that you wear the correct safety equipment, as well as well-fitting sports shoes, can help protect your body and help you avoid any imbalances that can lead to injuries.

Pay attention to your body: If you feel sore or notice that something doesn’t feel right, stop playing immediately. Rest and don’t start playing again until the pain has gone away.

Diet and hydration: A balanced and healthy diet will help to strengthen muscles and bones while staying well-hydrated aids movement and blood flow.

Do what your doctor tells you: If you have an injury, make sure you follow your doctor’s instructions to the letter. Just because you’re feeling better doesn’t mean that you are good to go. Returning to action before you’ve properly healed can lead to further injuries and extra time on the sidelines.

Diarrhea Symptoms and Causes in Kids

Kids of all ages will suffer from some form of stomach problem at some point. In the majority of cases, the symptoms usually die down within a few days.

Newborns tend to have sensitive digestive systems, so new foods and exposure to specific allergens might cause issues. Therefore, it is very common for babies and toddlers to have bouts of diarrhea. Today, we will talk about diarrhea symptoms and causes in kids.

Diarrhea Symptoms and Causes in Kids

What Causes Diarrhea?

Diarrhea is categorized by frequent loose or runny bowel movements, which is one of the body’s ways of getting rid of unwanted bugs. The leading causes of diarrhea include:

  • Viruses
  • Bacteria
  • Parasites

Other issues that can cause diarrhea in kids include:

  • High-sugar diet
  • Food allergies
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Problems with the digestive system
  • Side effects of certain medicines such as antibiotics

Toddlers often get diarrhea if they take in too much liquid or have an unbalanced diet. Try to limit the amount of manufactured fruit juices that they drink because they are high in sugar and carbohydrates, which they will struggle to absorb.

Also, diets that don’t have the right balance of fat and fiber can wreak havoc on children’s intestines. Therefore, try to make sure that they have a mixture of fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats such as lean chicken, avocado, beans, yogurt, and whole milk.

What Are the Symptoms?

The symptoms are characterized by many trips to the toilet or many full diapers throughout the day. This may be preceded by your little one complaining of an upset stomach. Other symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Mucus in the stool
  • Bloating
  • Nausea

You should speak to your doctor if you notice any blood in your child’s stool or if their symptoms don’t start getting better after a few days. Also, if your child has frequent bouts of diarrhea after consuming dairy or other foods, make an appointment to see your doctor ASAP. They may have an intolerance, which will require modifications to their diet.

What Can I Do to Help My Child?

The most important thing is that they stay hydrated. When someone has diarrhea, they lose a lot of fluids due to their repeated trips to the toilet. Water and oral rehydration fluids should be given to the child as often as possible. If your baby has diarrhea, keep feeding them but reduce the quantity of each feed.

Avoid giving your child greasy or oily food, as this will upset their stomach even more. Also, don’t give your child any fizzy drinks or fruit juices. If your little one isn’t throwing up and is still asking for food, you shouldn’t make any significant changes to their eating routines if they are able to eat.

Remember that it is perfectly normal for kids to have bouts of diarrhea as they develop. As you introduce new foods, your child may have a minor reaction, so don’t panic. However, if you notice that your little one has frequent problems, then speak with your doctor during your next well-child exam.

A Parent’s Guide to Infant Vomiting

Infant vomiting is something that happens on a fairly regular basis in kids’ early years. There are numerous reasons for this, and most bouts usually last no longer than a couple of days.

Most of the time, it’s nothing to worry about and is just a part of their general development. But we are well aware that that won’t stop you from worrying about whether your child is sick or has an upset stomach. To give you some peace of mind, we have put together this quick guide to infant vomiting.

A Parent’s Guide to Infant Vomiting

Reasons for Infant Vomiting

Babies tend to have very sensitive stomachs, and a young body may vomit to get rid of some substances that it doesn’t like. However, there are a few things that you need to pay attention to, as they may indicate an underlying condition. If you notice any of the following, you will need to speak with your pediatrician:

  • Blood or bile in the vomit
  • Severe tummy pain
  • Swollen or enlarged abdomen
  • Repeated, forceful vomiting
  • Bloody stools
  • Dehydration and inability to drink fluids
  • Lethargy and listlessness
  • Excessive irritability
  • Severe headaches and stiff neck

The Main Culprits

As mentioned above, in the vast majority of cases, vomiting is more of a growing pain than anything serious. We will take a quick look at some of the main culprits below.

Gastroenteritis — The most common reason for infant vomiting is a tummy bug caused by an infection in the digestive tract. It can be caused by bacteria or a virus and can cause stomach pain, diarrhea, and vomiting. While it can leave your little one feeling miserable, it usually sorts itself out after a few days.

Food Intolerance — Your baby may start vomiting if they come into contact with food or drink that she is allergic to. This can happen if they eat or drink it directly, or—if you breastfeed—something that you have eaten. The reaction will usually happen quite quickly after eating and will be accompanied by other symptoms such as a rash, diarrhea, or swelling of the mouth, nose, and eyes.

Burping — Babies may bring up some of their stomach’s contents when you are burping them, so be prepared! This is pretty common in babies under the age of one; thus, the only thing you should worry about is making sure that you have a cloth in place when you are burping them after feeding. However, if this happens regularly or it is quite forceful, it might indicate some underlying condition that would require a checkup by your doctor.

What Should I Do if My Baby Is Vomiting?

If your baby isn’t displaying any of the symptoms above, just make sure they are well-hydrated. Keep an eye on their symptoms and try to feed as you normally would. They should start feeling better within a couple of days.

On the other hand, if your child is showing any other symptoms, such as excessive irritability or a high fever, then you should contact a medical professional immediately so they can get a checkup.

Kids’ Snoring Problems: A Guide for Parents

Snoring is one of those irritating things that people laugh about but generally tolerate. If you have a kid who snores, you will probably laugh about it and not pay a second thought to it. And, in many cases, you are right to do so. Sometimes, however, snoring can indicate an underlying problem that can harm your child’s development.

Today, we will take a closer look at some of the common causes of snoring in kids and when it would be a good idea to talk to your pediatrician about it. Getting on top of your kids’ snoring problems will make everyone in the house a lot happier—both in the short and long term.

Kids’ Snoring Problems

Why Do People Snore?

Snoring is something that everyone does at some point, although it is essential to note that it is more common in adults. People will start snoring if they are unable to freely move air through the mouth and nose during sleep.

Reasons for Snoring

There are many different reasons why people snore, but the most common culprits in kids are enlarged adenoids or tonsils.

Other conditions that can make your kids snore include:

  • A deviated septum
  • Seasonal allergies
  • Throat infections
  • Asthma
  • Sleep apnea
  • Blocked nasal passages due to a cold
  • Obesity

What to Look and Listen For

If you notice that your child snores regularly, you should monitor their general behavior and health. They might not be getting enough good-quality sleep, which, if left untreated, can have a massive impact on their behavior, performance at school, and general health.

If the snoring is due to cold or seasonal allergies, then it will usually go away as your child’s symptoms improve. However, if you or other family members notice that the child snores most evenings, then they may be suffering from sleep apnea. Keep an eye and an ear out for the following tell-tale signs that your little one might have obstructive sleep apnea:

  • Frequent noisy snoring
  • Sleeping with the mouth open and the chin or neck extended
  • Pausing breathing or gasping while sleeping

Poor-quality sleep, as seen in kids who suffer from sleep apnea, can lead to changes in behavior such as:

  • Hyperactivity
  • Irritability
  • Daydreaming or zoning out
  • Being sleepy or lethargic during the day
  • A decrease in performance at school

If you notice any of these changes, then you must speak to your doctor as soon as possible so that they can investigate further.

Treatment Options

Treatment will depend on the reasons for the snoring, but in all cases, the goal will be to restore high-quality sleep to your child. Your child’s doctor will recommend tonsil or adenoid removal if they are the problem. While the prospect of surgery may be worrying, the improvement post-op is usually swift.

If snoring is caused by weight issues, then your doctor will likely put your child on a diet plan. Removing or reducing the levels of allergens in your child’s room will help kids who suffer from seasonal allergies.

A Parent’s Guide on the Difference between ADHD and SPD

If your child continually fidgets, melts down, or has trouble concentrating, you may wonder if they have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). However, the reasons for these behaviors might be due to an over- or under-sensitivity to sights, sounds, smells, flavors, or textures, which is known as Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD).

It can sometimes be hard to tell whether a child is suffering from ADHD or SPD, as the symptoms can be similar. The treatment methods differ, however, so it is crucial that you get an accurate diagnosis. This article breaks down some of the key differences between ADHD and SPD.

A Parent’s Guide on the Difference between ADHD and SPD

Sensory Processing Disorder

As kids develop, they are surrounded by an almost infinite amount of new sights, sounds, smells, flavors, and textures. For most kids, this is a fascinating time, as they start to adapt and react to these new sensory inputs. However, for some kids, this can be an overwhelming or underwhelming experience.

The reason for this is that some children are unable to accurately process the sensory inputs, which causes them to respond in an “abnormal” way. Kids with SPD may have trouble focusing because they are being overwhelmed by different sensory inputs, which makes noisy or busy environments unbearable. As a result, they may act out or become aggressive as they try to cope with the situation.

On the other hand, if the child is under-sensitive, they may become obsessed with certain stimuli or always want to touch certain people or things. In some cases, they might be clumsy or loud and may often show a disregard for pain or for dangerous situations. It can be challenging for them to integrate at school, as they have trouble identifying personal space or playing too roughly.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD is a developmental disorder that may be caused by genetic factors or issues with brain function. In general, kids with ADHD will find it difficult to focus for long periods of time. The lack of focus will often mean that they have trouble organizing themselves and completing tasks. In some cases, they will avoid or forget to do tasks altogether, such as homework.

A kid with ADHD will often seem as if they are not paying attention or are daydreaming; they can easily become bored and restless, making a school environment very challenging for them. As a result, they will usually be given extra time for tests and will benefit from more structured environments.

Treatments

It is essential that you speak to your doctor to get an accurate diagnosis, as the treatments are different for these two conditions. ADHD is usually treated with a mixture of medication and behavioral therapy to manage the symptoms. However, medication is not often the first choice for SPD.

Occupational and behavioral therapy will be used to help the child cope better with challenging situations and manage their actions. Medication will only be used if the child is suffering from anxiety as a result of the disorder.

Parents Guide on How to Cure Pneumonia Naturally at Home

Pneumonia is a lung infection which can be caused by bacteria or a virus. Younger kids are more at risk as their immune systems have not fully developed. In most cases, pneumonia will usually happen after a kid has had a cold.

Even though your child may be uncomfortable, treatment is usually straightforward and can be done at home. In this post, we will take a look at how to cure pneumonia naturally at home.

How to Cure Pneumonia Naturally at Home

Symptoms

The symptoms are quite similar to the common cold and the flu, but they vary from child to child. Things to look out for include:

  • High fever
  • Breathing problems
  • Pain in the chest
  • Cough
  • Irritability

If you notice any of these symptoms, it is essential to get a check-up as soon as possible. Bacterial pneumonia will usually be treated with a course of antibiotics, but they won’t work for viral pneumonia.

Immunizations act as the frontline defense against certain kinds of infections, but most young children will still be at risk. If your child gets pneumonia, then these natural home treatments can help them get over the infection.

Hygiene As Prevention

One of the best ways to protect your kids against pneumonia is by promoting good hygiene habits at home. As germs usually cause the infection, kids should be encouraged to wash their hands regularly, avoid sharing cutlery and glasses, and use tissues to blow their noses. It is also a great idea to sanitize toys, door handles, and other surfaces on a regular basis.

Lots of Rest

Getting lots of bed rest is one of nature’s best methods to cure most illnesses. Keep your little ones off school and ensure that they get plenty of extra sleep. Try placing an extra pillow under older kids heads while they are resting, which can help with drainage and allow them to sleep better. The extra sleep will boost the immune system to fight off the infection.

Use Humidifiers

Keeping the air moist makes it easier for your child to breathe while also helping to soothe any irritation in the lungs.

Drink Lots of Fluids

It is important that kids of all ages remain hydrated during their recovery. Offer younger kids small sips of water throughout the day. The same goes for babies, continue to offer breastmilk or formula during the day.

Natural Remedies

Raw honey, lemon, and ginger have outstanding anti-inflammatory qualities and be turned into a refreshing warm drink for older kids.

Another thing you can do for kids of all ages is to use lukewarm compresses or giving them a bath in lukewarm water. Both of these methods will help to regulate your child’s temperature, making them feel a little more comfortable.

Next Steps

Once treatment has begun, you should notice an improvement within a few days. However, it is essential to monitor your child’s symptoms continuously. If they don’t start improving or get worse, then contact the doctor immediately.

How To Control Allergic Asthma in Kids This Fall

Fall is one of the most beautiful times of the year. However, for kids with allergies or allergic asthma, it can be miserable. There are many kinds of allergens flying around this time of the year, which can increase the risk of an allergic reaction or asthma attack.

There are many things you can do to help children with allergic asthma during this time of the year. In this guide, we will talk about what it is and how to control allergic asthma in kids.

How To Control Allergic Asthma in Kids This Fall

Causes Of Allergic Asthma

Allergic asthma is the most common kind of asthma, and symptoms are usually triggered by exposure to one or more of these substances:

  • Pollen
  • Dust mites
  • Pet dander
  • Air Pollution
  • Chemical Fumes
  • Perfumes
  • Tobacco Smoke
  • Certain foods such as milk, shellfish, and peanuts

Symptoms of Allergic Asthma

If your child is exposed to an allergen, they will develop some or all of these symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Chest Tightness

Steps To Control Allergic Asthma In Kids

Controlling allergic asthma can be tricky as it is impossible to protect your kid against every kind of allergen. However, there are several steps that you can take to reduce the risks, so your child can have a full and active life.

Medical Treatments – If you think your child has allergic asthma, it is essential that you get your doctor to investigate. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, your doctor could prescribe a variety of medicines such as anti-allergy tablets, inhalers, or nasal sprays.

Minimize Exposure – Kids love playing outside, but this can increase the risk of exposure to specific allergens. To protect them, keep an eye on the air quality and keep them in when there are high levels of pollen in the air. You should also try and keep windows and doors closed and make sure they have a bath after they come back in.

Keep The House Clean – It is always a good idea to frequently wash your child’s pillows and covers. If they are allergic to dust, then you can buy special protective covers which will help to keep the levels of dust to a minimum. Also, make sure that you give toys and teddies a regular clean.

Remove Carpets and Rugs – Try to avoid using carpets and rugs in your kid’s bedrooms or altogether if possible. Carpets and rugs are good for accumulating collections of allergens such as dust and pet hairs which can set off your little one.

Wash The Dog – Most families love having a pet around the house, but unfortunately, they can cause problems for kids with allergic asthma. Therefore, you must regularly wash and brush your dog’s coat. This will help to reduce the spread of pet dander around the house.

Other Ideas – Vitamin D is excellent for reducing asthma symptoms, so try and top up your kid’s diet with milk, fish, and eggs. It also makes sense to talk to the doctor about the allergy and flu shots so that your kid’s immune system gets a boost during this tricky time of the year.

9 Newborn Baby Kit Essentials

When you are preparing for your new arrival, it can sometimes be a little overwhelming. You will be bombarded with ideas and suggestions about what things you need or should have.

While it always helps to be organized, you don’t need to go out and buy everything. Many people often go out and spend a lot of money on things they don’t really need. Do your research and speak with your trusted friends. These newborn baby kit ideas will help you identify the essentials which will make your life a little bit easier when the little one arrives.

Labor Kit

One of the most important things you can do is prepare a baby bag to take to the hospital with you. This is sometimes called a go-bag. You will need clothing, a few toiletries, a copy of your birth plan, hair ties, and anything else you’ll want to have at the hospital.

9 Newborn Baby Kit Essentials

Diapers

Diapers are one item that you will definitely need. Babies feed regularly throughout the day, and that means that they will poo and pee frequently. That means a lot of diaper changes, so definitely go out and get a supply of good quality diapers.

Changing Time Essentials

Wipes are great for cleaning your baby’s delicate skin in many different situations. For diaper changes, you should get a changing mat.

Feeding Kit

What you need depends on whether you decide to breastfeed or use formula. If you opt for breastfeeding, you will need a nursing bra, nursing cover, and breast pads. For formula, you will need bottles, teats, bottle brushes, and a sterilizing kit.

Cleaning Kit

Muslin Cloths and Bibs are essential items for your newborn baby kit. They help to clean your baby’s chin after feeding or winding.

Cot or Moses Basket

Babies sleep a lot, so they will need a comfortable place to get some much-needed shut-eye. Initially, they might not like the idea of sleeping alone, but it is better for everyone in the long run if you start getting them into a routine at an early stage.

Clothes

Dressing up a newborn is an area where parents, families, and friends tend to get very excited. Onesies are adorable and also very comfortable for your little one, especially around nap time. Other items that are worth having are vests, socks, scratch mitts, and a hat.

Car Seat

It is always a great idea to purchase and fit your baby’s car seat before they arrive. This will save you time and frustration after the delivery. Remember that there are specific car seats for newborns and that they should be rear-facing.

Stroller

In the first few weeks, you and your baby are probably going to want to relax as much as possible. But, once you start feeling stronger, it is really lovely to go for walks with your baby. Having a stroller will help you get out and about without it interrupting any sleep routines. And, if your baby is awake, they will be surrounded by all sorts of exciting new stimuli.

Great Times: 5 Fun Things to Do With a Newborn Baby

Having a newborn baby around the house is a fantastic time for the whole family. You may be tired, but you will love the pleasure they get from the simplest things. Doing fun activities is an amazing way to bond with your little one.

As your baby starts to become more aware of their surroundings, they will begin interacting with you and your family members. These 5 fun things to do with a newborn are great for keeping them amused.

Lots of Play

Play is such an essential part of a child’s life and the way that your baby starts to learn. It is also a great way to bond, so the more you play, the better. There are lots of things you can do – simple actions like making funny faces and smiling will amuse your baby.

Singing, talking, tickling, and simple games are great ways to engage your child and keep them amused.

Have A Party

Put on your favorite songs and dance away with your baby. They will enjoy the combination of new movements and the opportunity to bond with you. Moving around to different tempos is a great way to either soothe or energize the little one. Either way, you will be getting to move around and spend some quality time with your baby.

Go Out For A Picnic

Spending a few hours in the park with your baby is a great way to relax. But, it is also a fantastic way to expose your baby to new stimuli. Watching the way they react to feeling a gentle breeze, hearing people playing, and seeing dogs and animals running around will be really interesting for them and a source of joy for you.

Take A Tour Of The House

Babies love new things, so you should regularly introduce new sensory inputs. A great way you can do this is to take a tour of the house, spending time exploring the things that your baby is drawn to. Simple things will amuse them, so always take them for a walk around to see what catches their attention.

You can also do this when you go out and about. Shopping malls, restaurants, and gardens are all fabulous places to explore. It will keep your baby occupied while being a lot of fun for both of you.

Yoga

Having a newborn baby doesn’t mean that you have to stop doing activities that you like. So, you might not have time to go to the studio, but there is no reason not to do a routine at home. In fact, it is a great way to spend time with your little one.

There are so many poses out there that can be easily modified so you have lots of bonding time with your little one. Classic postures like downward-facing dog, the cat pose and the boat pose can be done with your baby close to you. It can be a lot of fun for both of you, while you still get a bit of a stretch.